Producing EnerGy and preventing hAzards from SUrface water Storage in Peru
|Porteurs du projet :
||Duncan QUINCEY (UK, University of Leeds, UoL)
Jorge DARWIN ABAD CUEVA (Peru, University of Engineering and Technology, UTEC)
|Équipe du projet :
||Jonathan Carrivick and Andrew Ross (UK, University of Leeds (UoL)
Daniel Horna and Pedro Rau (Peru, CITA - UTEC)
Daniel Parsons and Chris Skinner (UK, University of Hull)
Fredy Santiago Monge Rodríguez and Nilton Montoya (Peru, University of San Antonio Abad of Cusco (UNSAAC))
Randy Muñoz and Jahir Anicama Diaz (Peru, CARE)
Sofia Castro and Anita Arrascue (Peru, Institute for the Sciences of Nature, Territory and Renewable Energies (INTE) at Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (PUCP)
Simon Cook (UK, University of Dundee)
Francesca Pellicciotti (UK, Northumbria University)
Our objectives and supporting research questions are:
1. To simulate future climate and glacier recession and their impact on mountain environments (Challenge 1)
- How will temperature and precipitation evolve on an individual catchment scale in this complex mountain terrain?
- At what rate will glaciers recede into the future?
- What will the resulting landscape look like, and where and when will new lakes emerge?
- How will freezing levels evolve with different warming scenarios?
2. Measure and forecast changes in sediment flux/delivery to downstream areas (Challenge 3)
- What are the rates of sediment release by glaciers in active recession?
- What is the current capacity of lakes to store sediments released by glacier recession?
- Are contemporary rates of sedimentation comparable with those of the recent past?
- How will downstream fluvial reaches be impacted by changing sediment dynamics brought about by deglaciation and lake development?
3. Assess future risks presented by glacial lakes and ice/rock avalanches (Challenge 5)
- Where will the major hazards be located and what are their likely triggers?
- Will the most vulnerable people, defined by socio-economic factors, be located in zones that may be impacted by these hazards?
- To what extent will major flood events entrain downstream debris and how will this impact on flood propagation?
- Are planned infrastructure projects e.g. hydropower developments, likely to be in zones that may be impacted by glacier hazard and water scarcity events?
4. Balance risks and resources: integrating recommendations for businesses, policy makers and people (Challenges 1, 3 and 5)
- Which future lake sites will have the most sustainable water supply and minimum potential for sedimentation and over what timescale?
- What are the cultural, social and economic pressures that may be in conflict when creating natural water storage areas in the mountain landscape?
- What is the current political context for water storage and exploitation and how may relevant policies account for changes in glacial runoff and landscape evolution?
- What are the opportunities for resource exploitation in the context of future environmental change?